A "fixture" generally refers to anything that is screwed, glued, nailed, bolted or otherwise attached to the property. Fixtures are deemed to go with the house unless expressly excluded.
"Chattels" are all other items not affixed to the house, and the general rule is that they are not included in the purchase price unless the Agreement of Purchase and Sale specifically provides so. Chattels include items such as fridges, stoves, washing machines, etc.
The buyer should understand the distinction between fixtures and chattels, but if unsure - all the items expected to be included and/or excluded as part of the deal, should be specified, regardless of what class they fall into.
However, relying on the distinction between chattels and fixtures leaves much room for argument. What about the basketball net, or the pool in the backyard? What about a built-in dishwasher? Who gets the hoses and attachments for the central vacuum system?
When it comes to windows, the common sense seems to be that curtains are not included, but the rods are - which may or may not make sense. All of these specific details are very important and should be thoroughly covered in the Agreement.
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